After the time of Huineng, Chinese Chan began to branch off into numerous different schools, each with their own special emphasis, but all of which kept the same basic focus on meditational practice, personal instruction and grounded personal experience. During the late Tang and the Song periods, the tradition truly flowered, as a wide number of eminent teachers, such as Mazu 馬祖, Baijang 百丈, Yunmen 雲門 and Linji 臨濟 developed specialized teaching methods, which would become characteristic in each of the "five houses" 五家 of mature Chinese Chan. Later on, the teaching styles and words of these classical masters were recorded in such important Chan texts as the Biyan lu 碧巖録 (Blue Cliff Record) and the Wumen guan 無門關 (Gateless Barrier) which would be studied by later generations of students down to the present. Chan continued to be influential, along with Pure Land as a Buddhist religious force in China, although some energy was lost with the revival of Confucianism from the Song onward. Chan was mostly eliminated in China in the modern era with the appearance of the People's Republic, but still continues to hold a significant following in Taiwan.
Chan was gradually transmitted into Korea during the late Silla period (8th and 9th) centuries) as Korean monks of predominantly Hwaŏm 華嚴 and Consciousness-only 唯識 background began to travel to China to learn the newly developing tradition. The first transmission of Chan into Korea is attributed to a monk named Pŏmnang 法朗, but he was soon followed by a throng of Sŏn students, who later returned to Korea to establish the "nine mountain" 九山 schools, with "nine mountains" becoming a nickname for Korean Sŏn which survives down to the present. Korean Sŏn received its most significant impetus and consolidation from the Koryŏ monk Chinul 知訥, who established the Songgwangsa 松廣寺 as a new center of pure practice. It is from the time of Chinul that the predominant single meditational sect in Korea becomes the Chogye 曹溪, which survives down to the present in basically the same status. Toward the end of the Koryŏ and during the Chosŏn period the Chogye school would first be combined with the scholarly 教 schools, and then suffer from persecution at the hands of a Confucian influenced polity. Nonetheless, there would be a series of important teachers during the next several centuries, such as Hyegŭn 慧勤, T'aego 太古, Kihwa 己和 and Hyujŏng 休靜, who continued to developed the basic mold of Korean meditational Buddhism established by Chinul. Sŏn continues to be practiced in Korea today at a number of major monastic centers.
Despite the fact that Japanese Buddhists were aware of the development of the Chan school in China from a fairly early date, no formal schools were established until the 12-13th centuries, when Eisai 榮西 and Dōgen 道元 established the Rinzai 臨濟 and Sōtō 曹洞 schools, respectively. The Zen movement in Japan was fortunate to receive the patronage of the growing new force in Japanese politics, the military bakufu, and so both schools developed and throve for several centuries. But although the Shogunate of the Edo period supported Zen as an official religion, tight government control of the sect limited its creativity. Nonetheless, the Japanese schools of Zen produced a number of significant creative teachers, including such figures as Ikkyū 一休, Bankei and Hakuin 白隱. There are still a number of famous Zen monasteries preserved to the modern day in Japan, although the number of actual practicing Zen monks has declined sharply. [Dictionary References] Naka855a Iwa499 [Credit] cmuller(entry) Trang tra cứu Liên Phật Hội - Từ điển Hán Anh."> After the time of Huineng, Chinese Chan began to branch off into numerous different schools, each with their own special emphasis, but all of which kept the same basic focus on meditational practice, personal instruction and grounded personal experience. During the late Tang and the Song periods, the tradition truly flowered, as a wide number of eminent teachers, such as Mazu 馬祖, Baijang 百丈, Yunmen 雲門 and Linji 臨濟 developed specialized teaching methods, which would become characteristic in each of the "five houses" 五家 of mature Chinese Chan. Later on, the teaching styles and words of these classical masters were recorded in such important Chan texts as the Biyan lu 碧巖録 (Blue Cliff Record) and the Wumen guan 無門關 (Gateless Barrier) which would be studied by later generations of students down to the present. Chan continued to be influential, along with Pure Land as a Buddhist religious force in China, although some energy was lost with the revival of Confucianism from the Song onward. Chan was mostly eliminated in China in the modern era with the appearance of the People's Republic, but still continues to hold a significant following in Taiwan.
Chan was gradually transmitted into Korea during the late Silla period (8th and 9th) centuries) as Korean monks of predominantly Hwaŏm 華嚴 and Consciousness-only 唯識 background began to travel to China to learn the newly developing tradition. The first transmission of Chan into Korea is attributed to a monk named Pŏmnang 法朗, but he was soon followed by a throng of Sŏn students, who later returned to Korea to establish the "nine mountain" 九山 schools, with "nine mountains" becoming a nickname for Korean Sŏn which survives down to the present. Korean Sŏn received its most significant impetus and consolidation from the Koryŏ monk Chinul 知訥, who established the Songgwangsa 松廣寺 as a new center of pure practice. It is from the time of Chinul that the predominant single meditational sect in Korea becomes the Chogye 曹溪, which survives down to the present in basically the same status. Toward the end of the Koryŏ and during the Chosŏn period the Chogye school would first be combined with the scholarly 教 schools, and then suffer from persecution at the hands of a Confucian influenced polity. Nonetheless, there would be a series of important teachers during the next several centuries, such as Hyegŭn 慧勤, T'aego 太古, Kihwa 己和 and Hyujŏng 休靜, who continued to developed the basic mold of Korean meditational Buddhism established by Chinul. Sŏn continues to be practiced in Korea today at a number of major monastic centers.
Despite the fact that Japanese Buddhists were aware of the development of the Chan school in China from a fairly early date, no formal schools were established until the 12-13th centuries, when Eisai 榮西 and Dōgen 道元 established the Rinzai 臨濟 and Sōtō 曹洞 schools, respectively. The Zen movement in Japan was fortunate to receive the patronage of the growing new force in Japanese politics, the military bakufu, and so both schools developed and throve for several centuries. But although the Shogunate of the Edo period supported Zen as an official religion, tight government control of the sect limited its creativity. Nonetheless, the Japanese schools of Zen produced a number of significant creative teachers, including such figures as Ikkyū 一休, Bankei and Hakuin 白隱. There are still a number of famous Zen monasteries preserved to the modern day in Japan, although the number of actual practicing Zen monks has declined sharply. [Dictionary References] Naka855a Iwa499 [Credit] cmuller(entry) Trang tra cứu Liên Phật Hội - Từ điển Hán Anh." /> After the time of Huineng, Chinese Chan began to branch off into numerous different schools, each with their own special emphasis, but all of which kept the same basic focus on meditational practice, personal instruction and grounded personal experience. During the late Tang and the Song periods, the tradition truly flowered, as a wide number of eminent teachers, such as Mazu 馬祖, Baijang 百丈, Yunmen 雲門 and Linji 臨濟 developed specialized teaching methods, which would become characteristic in each of the "five houses" 五家 of mature Chinese Chan. Later on, the teaching styles and words of these classical masters were recorded in such important Chan texts as the Biyan lu 碧巖録 (Blue Cliff Record) and the Wumen guan 無門關 (Gateless Barrier) which would be studied by later generations of students down to the present. Chan continued to be influential, along with Pure Land as a Buddhist religious force in China, although some energy was lost with the revival of Confucianism from the Song onward. Chan was mostly eliminated in China in the modern era with the appearance of the People's Republic, but still continues to hold a significant following in Taiwan.
Chan was gradually transmitted into Korea during the late Silla period (8th and 9th) centuries) as Korean monks of predominantly Hwaŏm 華嚴 and Consciousness-only 唯識 background began to travel to China to learn the newly developing tradition. The first transmission of Chan into Korea is attributed to a monk named Pŏmnang 法朗, but he was soon followed by a throng of Sŏn students, who later returned to Korea to establish the "nine mountain" 九山 schools, with "nine mountains" becoming a nickname for Korean Sŏn which survives down to the present. Korean Sŏn received its most significant impetus and consolidation from the Koryŏ monk Chinul 知訥, who established the Songgwangsa 松廣寺 as a new center of pure practice. It is from the time of Chinul that the predominant single meditational sect in Korea becomes the Chogye 曹溪, which survives down to the present in basically the same status. Toward the end of the Koryŏ and during the Chosŏn period the Chogye school would first be combined with the scholarly 教 schools, and then suffer from persecution at the hands of a Confucian influenced polity. Nonetheless, there would be a series of important teachers during the next several centuries, such as Hyegŭn 慧勤, T'aego 太古, Kihwa 己和 and Hyujŏng 休靜, who continued to developed the basic mold of Korean meditational Buddhism established by Chinul. Sŏn continues to be practiced in Korea today at a number of major monastic centers.
Despite the fact that Japanese Buddhists were aware of the development of the Chan school in China from a fairly early date, no formal schools were established until the 12-13th centuries, when Eisai 榮西 and Dōgen 道元 established the Rinzai 臨濟 and Sōtō 曹洞 schools, respectively. The Zen movement in Japan was fortunate to receive the patronage of the growing new force in Japanese politics, the military bakufu, and so both schools developed and throve for several centuries. But although the Shogunate of the Edo period supported Zen as an official religion, tight government control of the sect limited its creativity. Nonetheless, the Japanese schools of Zen produced a number of significant creative teachers, including such figures as Ikkyū 一休, Bankei and Hakuin 白隱. There are still a number of famous Zen monasteries preserved to the modern day in Japan, although the number of actual practicing Zen monks has declined sharply. [Dictionary References] Naka855a Iwa499 [Credit] cmuller(entry) Trang tra cứu Liên Phật Hội - Từ điển Hán Anh."/>
Tôn giáo của tôi rất đơn giản, đó chính là lòng tốt.Đức Đạt-lai Lạt-ma XIV

Không thể lấy hận thù để diệt trừ thù hận. Kinh Pháp cú
Trong cuộc sống, điều quan trọng không phải bạn đang ở hoàn cảnh nào mà là bạn đang hướng đến mục đích gì. (The great thing in this world is not so much where you stand as in what direction you are moving. )Oliver Wendell Holmes
Khó khăn thách thức làm cho cuộc sống trở nên thú vị và chính sự vượt qua thách thức mới làm cho cuộc sống có ý nghĩa. (Challenges are what make life interesting and overcoming them is what makes life meaningful. )Joshua J. Marine
Bậc trí bảo vệ thân, bảo vệ luôn lời nói, bảo vệ cả tâm tư, ba nghiệp khéo bảo vệ.Kinh Pháp Cú (Kệ số 234)
Kẻ không biết đủ, tuy giàu mà nghèo. Người biết đủ, tuy nghèo mà giàu. Kinh Lời dạy cuối cùng
Ai sống một trăm năm, lười nhác không tinh tấn, tốt hơn sống một ngày, tinh tấn tận sức mình.Kinh Pháp cú (Kệ số 112)
Chỉ có hai thời điểm mà ta không bị ràng buộc bởi bất cứ điều gì. Đó là lúc ta sinh ra đời và lúc ta nhắm mắt xuôi tay.Tủ sách Rộng Mở Tâm Hồn
Nếu bạn muốn những gì tốt đẹp nhất từ cuộc đời, hãy cống hiến cho đời những gì tốt đẹp nhất. (If you want the best the world has to offer, offer the world your best.)Neale Donald Walsch
Kẻ ngốc nghếch truy tìm hạnh phúc ở xa xôi, người khôn ngoan gieo trồng hạnh phúc ngay dưới chân mình. (The foolish man seeks happiness in the distance, the wise grows it under his feet. )James Oppenheim
Để có thể hành động tích cực, chúng ta cần phát triển một quan điểm tích cực. (In order to carry a positive action we must develop here a positive vision.)Đức Đạt-lai Lạt-ma XIV

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